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Obstet Gynecol Clin North Am. 1998 Mar;25(1):139-51.

Opioid dependence during pregnancy. Effects and management.

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Department of Pediatrics, Jefferson Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.


This article describes the complex problems associated with opioid dependence during pregnancy. Medical, obstetric, and psychosocial problems are presented. Methadone maintenance for the treatment of opioid dependence is described in this article. Specific issues of appropriate methadone dose during pregnancy, medical withdrawal, and the relationship of methadone dose and the severity of neonatal abstinence also are discussed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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