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J Occup Health Psychol. 1996 Apr;1(2):197-210.

Correlates and consequences of workplace violence.

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Industrial Relations Center, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis 55455-0430, USA.


A random telephone survey was used to interview 598 employees about instances, if any, when they had been physically attacked or threatened in the workplace. Demographic and workplace characteristics are analyzed as correlates of these forms of violence. The only characteristic consistently associated with higher risk is a work schedule that included nighttime hours. However, although few strong or consistent correlates of workplace violence were found, there were clear negative consequences associated with being victimized at work: lower job satisfaction, greater job stress, increased considerations of job change, and an increased likelihood of bringing mace, a gun, or another weapon to work.

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