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Amyloid. 1998 Mar;5(1):10-5.

Effects of beta-amyloid peptides on the fluidity of membranes from frontal and parietal lobes of human brain. High potencies of A beta 1-42 and A beta 1-43.

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Department of Psychopharmacology, Central Institute of Mental Health, Mannheim, Germany.


beta-amyloid peptide (A beta) and several A beta-fragments decrease the fluidity of human cortex membranes in a concentration dependent fashion. The effect of A beta on membrane fluidity increases with peptide length, is most pronounced for A beta 1-43 and can be seen at concentrations as low as 100 nmol/l. While the fragment A beta 25-35 is active, scrambled peptide (A beta 35-25) when investigated under similar conditions shows no effects on membrane fluidity. The effect of A beta peptides on fluidity of the phospholipid bilayer is more pronounced in the hydrocarbon core (labeled with the fluorescence probe 1,6-diphenylhexa-1,3,5-triene) than in the region of the hydrophilic heads (labeled with the fluorescence probe 1-[4'-(trimethylamino)phenyl]-6-phenylhexa-1,3,5-triene). It is suggested that the effect of A beta on neuronal membranes is probably a major initial mechanism in a cascade of events finally leading to neurotoxicity and cell death in Alzheimer's disease.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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