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J Pediatr. 1998 Mar;132(3 Pt 1):531-5.

Increased risk of spastic diplegia among very low birth weight children after preterm labor or prelabor rupture of membranes.

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1
Department of Neurology, Children's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA.

Abstract

Our objective was to study the association of spastic diplegia (SDP; N = 29) with the initiator of preterm birth in a regional cohort of 312 6-year-old very low birth weight children (< or =1500 gm). We determined the prevalence of SDP among those children born after idiopathic preterm onset of labor (POOL) or prelabor rupture of membranes (PROM) (12% SDP), and among those born after pregnancy-induced hypertension or other medical indications for preterm delivery (4% SDP). Stratification showed that 83% of the children with diplegia were born after POOL or PROM. The threefold increased risk of SDP among those children born after POOL or PROM compared with the remainder of the cohort (crude odds ratio 3.2, 95% confidence interval 1.2 to 8.5) remained elevated after controlling for perinatal and neonatal variables (odds ratio 2.4 to 2.7) in logistic regression models. We conclude that birth after POOL or PROM increases the risk of SDP among very low birth weight children and speculate that this might be related to infectious processes leading to both POOL or PROM and SDP.

PMID:
9544916
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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