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Yeast. 1998 Feb;14(3):239-53.

Identification and kinetic analysis of a functional homolog of elongation factor 3, YEF3 in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

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  • 1Abbott Laboratories, Department 47 M, Abbott Park, IL 60064-3500, USA.

Erratum in

  • Yeast 1998 Jun 15;14(8):792.


Yeast and other fungi contain a soluble elongation factor 3 (EF-3) which is required for growth and protein synthesis. EF-3 contains two ABC cassettes, and binds and hydrolyses ATP. We identified a homolog of the YEF3 gene in the Saccharomyces cerevisiae genome database. This gene, designated YEF3B, is 84% identical in protein sequence to YEF3, which we will now refer to as YEF3A. YEF3B is not expressed during growth under laboratory conditions, and thus cannot rescue growth of YEF3A deletion strains. However, YEF3B can take the place of YEF3A in vivo when expressed from the YEF3A or ADH1 promoters. The products of the YEF3A and YEF3B genes, EF-3A and EF-3B, respectively, were expressed from the ADH1 promoter and purified. Both factors possessed basal and ribosomal-stimulated ATPase activity, and had similar affinity for yeast ribosomes (103 to 113 nM). K(m) values for ATP were similar, but the Kcat values differed significantly. Ribosome-dependent ATPase activity of EF-3A was more efficient than EF-3B, since the Kcat and Kcat/K(m) values for EF-3A were about two-fold higher; however, the difference in Kcat/K(m) values between the two factors was small for basal ATPase activity.

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