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J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1998 Apr;83(4):1201-5.

Interleukin-8 induces proliferation of endometrial stromal cells: a potential autocrine growth factor.

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Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06520, USA.


Proliferation of endometrium is dependent on sex steroid hormones, but specific growth factors are likely to play an important role in regulating this process. A number of cytokines and growth factors are synthesized in the endometrium in response to sex steroid hormones and act to regulate endometrial function. Endometrial cells produce interleukin-8 (IL-8) both in vivo and in vitro. We hypothesized that IL-8, a neutrophil chemoattractant/activating factor and a potent angiogenic agent that has been shown to stimulate growth in other cell types, may directly stimulate proliferation of endometrial cells. We first investigated the effect of IL-8 and mouse antihuman-IL-8 neutralizing antibody on endometrial stromal cell proliferation using both a colorimetric assay and thymidine uptake. We then investigated the modulation of endometrial stromal cell IL-8 production and proliferation by antisense oligonucleotides specific for IL-8. There was a concentration-dependent increase of cell proliferation with IL-8 (2-fold at 1 ng/mL; P < 0.01 between control and concentrations above 0.01 ng/mL) and a concentration-dependent inhibition of cell proliferation with anti-IL-8 antibody (to 30% of the control at 1 microg/mL; P < 0.01 between control and concentrations above 0.1 microg/mL). IL-8 antisense oligonucleotide treatment decreased IL-8 production by endometrial stromal cells in culture as well as cell proliferation when it is compared with scrambled (nonsense) oligonucleotide treatment (P < 0.01). Addition of IL-8 (1 ng/mL) reversed the proliferation inhibitory effect of IL-8 antisense oligonucleotides. We propose that IL-8 may act as an autocrine growth factor in the endometrium, and suggest that it may also play a role in the pathogenesis of endometriosis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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