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Acta Anaesthesiol Scand. 1998 Mar;42(3):329-34.

Improved oxygenation using the prone position in patients with ARDS.

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1
Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, Norway.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The prone position is known to increase oxygen uptake in patients with Adult Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS).

METHODS:

In this clinical study from 1995-96, 14 ARDS patients with severe respiratory failure were treated for at least 1 h in the prone position. Responders, defined as having more than 10% increase in PaO2/FiO2 ratio from baseline after 1 h, were treated at least 6 h in the prone position.

RESULTS:

11 patients responded during the first period of the prone position (primary responders). Two of the 3 non-responders were turned prone a second time with increase in the PaO2/FiO2 ratio (secondary responders). Mean PaO2/FiO2 ratio (mean +/- SEM) in the supine position was 11.7 +/- 0.8 kPa, increasing to 16.6 +/- 1.8 kPa and 18.0 +/- 1.4 kPa after 1 and 6 h respectively (P = 0.009). Mean time spent in the prone position was 69 h (range 3-256 h), and mean ventilatory time was 17 d (3-52 d). The mortality in this subgroup of our patients with ARDS was 42%, compared to 58% in 19 patients not turned prone in the same period.

CONCLUSION:

The prone position together with PEEP appears to improve ventilation-perfusion matching. The prone position is simple, effective and readily available and could be used early in most patients with ARDS.

PMID:
9542561
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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