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Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1998 Mar;178(3):603-8.

Pregnancy complications are frequent in long-chain 3-hydroxyacyl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase deficiency.

Author information

1
Division of Child Neurology, Children's Hospital, University of Helsinki, Finland.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Preeclampsia-related complications of pregnancy have been detected in carriers of long-chain 3-hydroxyacyl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase deficiency, a recently discovered disorder of mitochondrial fatty acid oxidation. Because no comprehensive study is available, we studied the frequency of pregnancy complications in mothers who had given birth to children with this disorder.

STUDY DESIGN:

Data of all pregnancies of 18 mothers to 28 diagnosed patients with long-chain 3-hydroxyacyl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase deficiency were reviewed retrospectively. From a total 79 pregnancies 16 early abortions were excluded; 63 pregnancies were included, and the fetus was affected in 29.

RESULTS:

One child born prematurely died neonatally but none of the mothers died. Preeclampsia, the syndrome of hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low platelets, and acute fatty liver of pregnancy occurred in 31% and intrahepatic cholestasis in 10% of pregnancies with a long chain 3-hydroxyacyl-coenzyme A-deficient fetus but in none of the pregnancies with a healthy fetus. A total of 40% of affected neonates were born prematurely and 47% had growth restriction, whereas none of the healthy neonates were premature and growth restriction occurred in only 17% (p < 0.01). Prematurity and growth restriction could not be explained solely by the preeclampsia-related conditions.

CONCLUSIONS:

In pregnancies with a long-chain 3-hydroxyacyl-coenzyme A-deficient fetus the frequency of preeclampsia-related conditions is high. The results support the role of fatty acid accumulation in the pathogenesis of preeclampsia. Analysis for the prevalent mutation of this deficiency may be warranted in pregnancies with severe preeclampsia.

PMID:
9539533
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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