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Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 1998 Mar;22(3):268-74.

The influence of socioeconomic status on the incidence and evolution of obesity during early adolescence.

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1
Laboratory for Epidemiology and Social Medicine, School of Public Health, Free University of Brussels, Belgium.

Abstract

OBJECT:

To analyze the influence of socioeconomic status on the prevalence, evolution and incidence of obesity between the ages of 12 y and 15 y in Belgium.

DESIGN:

Retrospective cohort study.

SUBJECTS:

2607 children from five social groups.

MEASUREMENTS:

The body mass index (BMI) measured during two school medical examinations carried out at an interval of two years between the ages of 12 y and 15 y.

RESULTS:

Between the ages of 12 y and 15 y the inverse relation between social status and the prevalence of obesity is accentuated in girls. The increasing divergence between social groups was a result both of the greater incidence of new cases of obesity and the reduced improvement rate in obesity already present in adolescents of lower social classes.

CONCLUSIONS:

Social inequalities in obesity increase during early adolescence. Preventive measures, targeting children of low socioeconomic status, should be put in place at this stage of life.

PMID:
9539196
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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