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Neuron. 1998 Mar;20(3):527-39.

Mechanisms of concerted firing among retinal ganglion cells.

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Molecular and Cellular Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, USA.


Nearby retinal ganglion cells often fire action potentials in near synchrony. We have investigated the circuit mechanisms that underlie these correlations by recording simultaneously from many ganglion cells in the salamander retina. During spontaneous activity in darkness, three types of correlations were distinguished: broad (firing synchrony within 40-100 ms), medium (10-50 ms), and narrow (<1 ms). When chemical synaptic transmission was blocked, the broad correlations disappeared, but the medium and narrow correlations persisted. Further analysis of the strength and time course of synchronous firing suggests that nearby ganglion cells share inputs from photoreceptors conveyed through interneurons via chemical synapses (broad correlations), share excitation from amacrine cells via electrical junctions (medium), and excite each other via electrical junctions (narrow). It appears that the firing patterns in the optic nerve are strongly shaped by electrical coupling in the inner retina.

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