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J Bacteriol. 1998 Apr;180(7):1647-54.

The cell wall-anchored Streptomyces reticuli avicel-binding protein (AbpS) and its gene.

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  • 1FB Biologie/Chemie, Universität Osnabrück, Germany.


Streptomyces reticuli produces a 35-kDa cellulose-binding protein (AbpS) which interacts strongly with crystalline forms of cellulose (Avicel, bacterial microcrystalline cellulose, and tunicin cellulose); other polysaccharides are recognized on weakly (chitin and Valonia cellulose) or not at all (xylan, starch, and agar). The protein could be purified to homogeneity due to its affinity to Avicel. After we sequenced internal peptides, the corresponding gene was identified by reverse genetics. In vivo labelling experiments with fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC), FITC-labelled secondary antibodies, or proteinase K treatment revealed that the anchored AbpS protrudes from the surfaces of the hyphae. When we investigated the hydrophobicity of the deduced AbpS, one putative transmembrane segment was predicted at the C terminus. By analysis of the secondary structure, a large centrally located alpha-helix which has weak homology to the tropomyosin protein family was found. Physiological studies showed that AbpS is synthesized during the late logarithmic phase, independently of the carbon source.

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