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Int J Clin Pract. 1998 Jan-Feb;52(1):31-5.

Sumatriptan suppositories for the acute treatment of migraine. S2B351 Study Group.

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Glaxo Wellcome, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, NC 27709, USA.

Erratum in

  • Int J Clin Pract 1999 Jan-Feb;53(1):83.


A randomised, double-blind, parallel-group, placebo-controlled trial was undertaken to assess the efficacy and tolerability of the sumatriptan suppository in 184 patients with acute migraine. Patients used a sumatriptan suppository (12.5 mg or 25 mg) or placebo at home for the treatment of a moderate or severe migraine attack and those who experienced headache recurrence within 24 hours of dosing had the option to repeat the dose. By 2 hours post-dose, 68% of patients in the sumatriptan 25 mg group and 47% of patients in the sumatriptan 12.5 mg group compared with 25% of placebo patients achieved headache relief. Relief rates 2 hours post-dose for nausea, vomiting, photophobia and phonophobia were similar to those reported 2 hours post-dose for headache. Post hoc review of the recurrence data showed that administration of a second suppository was effective in alleviating recurrent headache in over 80% of the sumatriptan-treated patients experiencing recurrence. No serious or unusual adverse events were reported, and the pattern and incidence of adverse events did not vary as a function of dose. These data demonstrate that the sumatriptan suppository is a well-tolerated, effective treatment for the acute treatment of migraine pain and its associated symptoms.

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