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J Biol Chem. 1998 Apr 10;273(15):9179-87.

The mammalian numb phosphotyrosine-binding domain. Characterization of binding specificity and identification of a novel PDZ domain-containing numb binding protein, LNX.

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AMGEN Institute, Ontario Cancer Institute, Department of Medical Biophysics, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada M5G 2C1.


Numb is a phosphotyrosine-binding (PTB) domain-containing protein implicated in the control of cell fate decisions during development. A modified two-hybrid screen in yeast was used to identify Numb PTB domain-interacting proteins important for Numb function. Here we report the identification of a novel protein, LNX, which interacts specifically with the Numb PTB domain. Two differentially expressed LNX messages encode overlapping proteins with predicted molecular masses of 80 kDa (LNX) and 70 kDa (LNX-b). LNX and LNX-b contain unique amino-terminal sequences and share four PDZ domains. The unique amino-terminal region of LNX includes a RING finger domain. The Numb PTB domain binding region of LNX was mapped to the sequence motif LDNPAY, found in both protein isoforms. Mutational analysis of LNX and peptide competition experiments showed that phosphorylation of the tyrosine residue within this motif was not required for binding to the Numb PTB domain. Finally, we also provide evidence that tyrosine phosphorylation of the LDNPAY sequence motif in LNX could generate a binding site for the phosphorylation-dependent binding of other PTB domain-containing proteins such as SHC. We speculate that LNX may be important for clustering PTB-containing proteins with functionally related transmembrane proteins in specific membrane compartments.

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