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Microbiology. 1998 Mar;144 ( Pt 3):621-7.

Loss-of-function mutations in the mtr efflux system of Neisseria gonorrhoeae.

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Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA.


Resistance of Neisseria gonorrhoeae to antimicrobial hydrophobic agents (HAs) has been ascribed to the mtr (multiple transferable resistance) operon. This operon is composed of the mtrR gene, which encodes a transcriptional repressor (MtrR), and a three-gene complex (mtrCDE), which encodes cell envelope proteins (MtrC-MtrD-MtrE) that form an energy-dependent efflux pump. HA-hypersusceptible strains are often isolated from patients, but the genetic basis for such hypersusceptibility was heretofore unknown. The genetic basis of HA hypersusceptibility in laboratory-derived strains BR54 and BR87 was studied to learn if this trait could be linked to mutations in the mtr operon. Mutations in the mtrR gene of these strains that could be phenotypically suppressed by mutations in their mtrC or mtrD genes were identified. Thus, small deletions (4-10 bp) in the mtrC or mtrD genes of strains BR87 and BR54 that would result in the production of truncated efflux pump proteins that serve as a membrane fusion protein (MtrC) or transporter of HAs (MtrD) were found to be responsible for their HA-hypersusceptible property.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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