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Microb Pathog. 1998 Apr;24(4):241-51.

Assessment of the role of gamma-toxin in experimental endophthalmitis using a hlg-deficient mutant of Staphylococcus aureus.

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Institut de Bactériologie de la Faculté de Médecine, Université Louis Pasteur, 3, rue Koeberlé, Strasbourg, F-67000, France.


Purified gamma-toxin is known to have a proinflammatory effect in the rabbit vitreous humor. To assess the biological role of the gamma-toxin, when expressed in vivo by Staphylococcus aureus strain Newman, the vitreous humor of rabbit eye was used as an infection model. A gamma-toxin-deficient mutant of strain Newman was constructed by allelic replacement. S. aureus Newman wild-type, its hlg-deficient derivative strain (N65) and the strain N65 complemented with the wild-type hlg+ gene were injected into the vitreous humor of rabbit eye. All three strains produced a strong proinflammatory effect in the eye conjunctiva, posterior and anterior chambers, suggesting a role for another unidentified proinflammatory component of strain Newman distinct from the gamma-toxin. These components are not the leucocidin of Panton-Valentine, beta-toxin or alpha-toxin which are not produced by this strain. Only the hlg-deficient mutant lacked the ability to cause inflammation in the eyelid, whereas the two Hlg-producing strains gave strong inflammation. These data suggest that in vivo, strain Newman produces as yet unidentified proinflammatory molecules and that the in vivo-produced HlgA, HlgB and HlgC molecules expressed by the gamma-toxin locus, contribute in part to the inflammatory process observed in vivo in the rabbit eye.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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