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Peptides. 1998;19(3):481-6.

Analogs of Manduca adipokinetic hormone tested in a bioassay and in a receptor-binding assay.

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Department of Biochemistry and Center for Insect Science, University of Arizona, Tucson 85721, USA.


Single amino acid replacement analogs of Manduca adipokinetic hormone (M-AKH) pGlu-Leu-Thr-Phe-Thr-Ser-Ser-Trp-GlyNH2 were tested for activity in bioassays as well as receptor binding assays. Amino acids were replaced by Ala and by D-analogs. In addition an extended M-AKH and analogs containing photo affinity labels were tested. All analogs had reduced activity. All the peptides which had enough activity to allow a full dose response curve reached the same maximal activity as native M-AKH. The use of analogs, in which L-Phe4 was replaced by Ala or by D-Phe and of L-Thr3 replaced by D-Thr, as competitors led to improved binding of M-AKH in our competitive receptor binding assay. In the bioassay an inactive concentration of Ala4 M-AKH increased the activity of a half optimal concentration of native M-AKH.

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