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Int Immunol. 1998 Feb;10(2):117-30.

The regulatory role of heat shock protein 70-reactive CD4+ T cells during rat listeriosis.

Author information

1
Laboratory of Host Defense and Germfree Life, Research Institute for Disease Mechanism and Control, Nagoya University School of Medicine, Japan.

Abstract

Protection against infection with Listeria monocytogenes depends primarily on Listeria-specific T cells. We show here that CD4+ TCR alphabeta+ T cells are capable of recognizing the mycobacterial heat shock protein (HSP) 70, that appears in the peritoneal cavity of F344 rats infected i.p. with L. monocytogenes. The HSP70-reactive CD4+ T cells recognized a peptide comprising 234-252 residues as present in the 70 kDa HSP of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in the context of RT1.B MHC class II molecules. Analysis of TCR Vbeta gene expression with RT-PCR revealed that the HSP70-reactive CD4+ T cells predominantly used the Vbeta16 gene segment, whereas the heat-killed Listeria (HKL)-specific T cells expressed a diverse set of Vbeta gene segments. In contrast to the HKL-specific T cells producing IFN-gamma, the HSP70-reactive CD4+ T cells produced TGF-beta1 and IL-10 but neither Th1- or Th2-type cytokines. Adoptive transfer with HSP70-reactive T cells rendered rats susceptible to listerial infection. Collectively, these results proposed that the HSP70-reactive CD4+ T cells appearing during rat listeriosis may be involved in termination of Th1 cell-mediated excessive inflammation after the battle against L. monocytogenes has been won.

PMID:
9533439
DOI:
10.1093/intimm/10.2.117
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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