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Pediatrics. 1998 Apr;101(4):E4.

A randomized comparison of surfactant dosing via a dual-lumen endotracheal tube in respiratory distress syndrome. The Spanish Surfactant Collaborative Group.

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1
Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Department of Pediatrics, Hospital de Cruces, Basque University School of Medicine, Bilbao, Bizkaia, Spain.

Abstract

AIM:

To determine if 1-minute instillation of Curosurf via a dual-lumen endotracheal tube without interruption of mechanical ventilation could decrease the incidence of hypoxia (drop in oxygen saturation [SaO2] to <80%, or of transcutaneous partial pressure of oxygen [PtcO2] to <50 mm Hg [6.6 kPa]) and bradycardia (heart rate below 80 beats/minute) at dosing, without affecting the efficacy of the standard bolus delivery.

DESIGN:

Prospective, multicenter, randomized, nonblinded clinical trial.

SETTING:

Neonatal intensive care units of the Spanish Surfactant Collaborative Group.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

One hundred ninety-eight infants (birth weight 600-2000 g) with respiratory distress syndrome needing mechanical ventilation with a fraction of inspired oxygen [FIO2] 0.40 were randomized before 24 hours to receive 200 mg/kg of Curosurf, either by bolus instillation (n = 99) or by a simplified dosing technique (n = 99), giving the full dose in 1 minute via a dual-lumen endotracheal tube without positioning, interruption of mechanical ventilation, or bagging. Two additional doses (100 mg/kg) were given within 12 and 24 hours of first dose, by the same method, if the infant still needed mechanical ventilation and had a FIO2 0.30. The effects of both procedures on the incidence of acute adverse events at dosing, gas exchange, ventilator requirements, and outcome at 28 days were compared.

RESULTS:

Fewer episodes of hypoxia (18 vs 40% of doses), and a smaller decrease in heart rate and SaO2 were observed in the dual-lumen group. Efficacy of surfactant, based on improvement of oxygenation, ventilator requirements, and number of doses required, was similar in both groups. Infants in the dual-lumen group had a lower total time exposure to supplemental oxygen (195+/-199 vs 266+/-221 hours). No differences in the incidence of air leaks, intraventricular hemorrhage, patent ductus arteriosus, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, or survival were observed.

CONCLUSION:

A simplified 1-minute Curosurf dosing procedure via a dual-lumen endotracheal tube without fractional doses, ventilator disconnection, changes in the infant's position, or manual bagging was found to reduce the number of dosing-related adverse transient episodes of hypoxia. Although the simplified method appeared to be as effective as bolus delivery, this should be confirmed in a larger trial.

PMID:
9533371
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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