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Avian Dis. 1998 Jan-Mar;42(1):92-100.

Detection and classification of infectious bronchitis viruses isolated in Korea by dot-immunoblotting assay using monoclonal antibodies.

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1
National Veterinary Research Institute, RDA, Anyang, Korea.

Abstract

Dot-immunoblotting assay (DIA) using five monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) to infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) was used to detect and classify the viruses propagated in embryonated chicken eggs. Using a group-specific MAb 3F5, 10 reference strains and 12 Korean isolates of IBV were successfully detected by DIA, and the lowest virus titer of IBV detected by DIA was approximately less than 10(3.8) mean embryo infective dose/ml. For evaluating the diagnostic efficiency, DIA was compared with the conventional infectious bronchitis (IB) diagnostic method. IBV antigens in allantoic fluid from embryonated eggs inoculated with IB-suspected field samples were specifically detected by DIA within only one or two egg passages, whereas the conventional embryonated egg inoculation method required four to seven egg passages for confirming IBV infection. These results indicated that DIA could significantly reduce time and cost for IB diagnosis. For examining the possibility of classifying IBV by DIA, four strain-specific MAbs, 3A4, 2A3, 6F7, and 2C6, were used. According to the MAb reacting patterns to the IBV antigens, the 10 IBV reference strains were classified into six groups; seven strains belonged to three different groups, and the other three strains each belonged to an individual group. In the case of 12 Korean isolates of IBV, they were classified in six groups. Among the six groups, the MAb reacting patterns of three groups matched those of the IBV reference strains, but the others did not. These data suggest that at least three variant serotypes of IBV exist in Korea.

PMID:
9533085
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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