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Thromb Haemost. 1998 Mar;79(3):479-85.

Novel deletion and insertion mutations cause splicing defects, leading to severe reduction in mRNA levels of the A subunit in severe factor XIII deficiency.

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Department of Molecular Patho-Biochemistry, Yamagata University School of Medicine, Japan.


In order to explore molecular mechanisms for factor XIII deficiency, a patient (Nagoya I) was examined at the DNA and RNA levels. Nucleotide sequence analysis of the patient's DNA amplified by PCR revealed that he had a 20 bp deletion at the boundary of exon I/intron A, and an insertion of T in the invariant GT dinucleotide at the splicing donor site of exon IV/intron D. The presence of these heterozygous mutations was confirmed by restriction digestion of the amplified fragments of the proband and his parents. RT-PCR analysis demonstrated that only one kind of mRNA without exon IV was detected in Nagoya I, although its level was greatly reduced to less than 5% of normal. The other detective allele of the A subunit gene containing the 20 bp deletion was not detected. Thus, both mutations impaired normal processing of mRNA for the A subunit, resulting in his severe factor XIII deficiency.

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