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J Nutr Sci Vitaminol (Tokyo). 1997 Dec;43(6):643-55.

Effects of physical characteristics and dietary habits on bone mineral density in adolescent girls.

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1
Department of Food and Nutrition, School of Home-Economics, Japan Women's University, Tokyo, Japan.

Abstract

In the health management of bone, of most importance is how to spend the period until peak bone mass, that is appropriate self management for bone health. Therefore, we evaluated the effects of physical characteristics and dietary habits on the bone mineral density (BMD) of the second metacarpal bone (sigma GS/D: BMD) by the digital image processing method (DIP) in 197 healthy adolescent girls (Japanese students at a junior high school, aged 12-15 y), an important period of physical and bone growth. Concerning the physical characteristics of the subjects according to age group, body height in each age group was higher than the standard values for Japanese according to age, but body weights in the 14-year-old and 15-year-old groups were significantly lower than the standard values for Japanese. Compared with the standard BMD values for Japanese according to age, BMD in the subjects was high in the 12-year-old, 13-year-old and 14-year-old groups but low in the 15-year-old group (-7.3%). Concerning the nutritional state, energy, calcium (Ca), and iron intakes were insufficient in every age group. BMD relative to the standard BMD value for Japanese (standard value was regarded as 0%) was evaluated according to the ingestion frequency of Ca-rich foods. The relative BMD value (%) increased with the ingestion frequency of Ca-rich foods. These results suggest that maintenance of an appropriate physique and adequate intake of nutrients such as Ca are important for bone growth during adolescence. Active promotion of educational guidance mainly on the effects of diet on bone health in adolescents in necessary.

PMID:
9530616
DOI:
10.3177/jnsv.43.643
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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