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Hum Reprod Update. 1997 Sep-Oct;3(5):403-39.

A critical review of the physiological importance and analysis of sperm movement in mammals.

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Department of Anatomy and Histology and Institute for Biomedical Research, University of Sydney, NSW, Australia.


The identification of human sperm hyperactivated motility has potential importance in sperm function tests, as well as in quality control assays and in reproductive toxicology investigations. However, relatively little is known about this phenomenon and the variety of definitions used for hyperactivation has led to a great deal of confusion as to its occurrence and physiological relevance. This presentation is a critical review of a number of aspects of hyperactivated motility, including its identification and potential role(s) in mammalian fertilization. The initial sections of the review consider the mechanisms involved in the development and maintenance of mammalian sperm motility, and the structural and functional changes in spermatozoa which occur during transport through the female reproductive tract. The methods available for the quantification of aspects of sperm movement are also discussed, with an historical overview of sperm movement analysis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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