Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Aust N Z J Ophthalmol. 1998 Feb;26(1):13-7.

Extracapsular cataract surgery in Vietnam: a 1 year follow-up study.

Author information

1
Centre for Public Health, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia. sntobin@ozemail.com.au

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Unoperated cataract is the leading cause of blindness in the developing world. Many developing countries now use extracapsular cataract extraction (ECCE) with intra-ocular lens insertion (IOL) in their cataract blindness-prevention programmes. To date, little research has been directed at visual outcomes and complication rates of ECCE/IOL surgery in developing countries.

METHODS:

We conducted a follow-up study of 155 eyes approximately 12 months after ECCE/IOL surgery by eight local eye surgeons in Central Vietnam. We report the findings for the 144 eyes (93%) successfully reviewed. All subjects underwent manual ECCE with insertion of a three-piece posterior chamber IOL. All eyes were also assessed for the presence and severity of posterior capsule opacification (PCO) using a newly developed grading system.

RESULTS:

Overall, 110 eyes (75%) had uncorrected visual acuities > or = 6/24 and 107 eyes (74%) had best spherically corrected visual acuities > or = 6/18. Some degree of PCO was found in 40% of eyes, but was graded as visually significant in only 4% of eyes. No major sight-threatening complications were noted. A portable neodymium:yttrium aluminium garnet (Nd:YAG) laser was used to perform capsulotomies on all eyes with visually significant PCO. There were no laser complications noted.

CONCLUSIONS:

At approximately 1 year after ECCE/IOL, the visual outcomes for subjects in this cohort were favourable and complication rates were low. Posterior chamber opacification was not a major cause of vision impairment in this cohort. Portable Nd:YAG lasers may provide an effective solution to the problem of visually significant PCO occurring in developing countries as a late complication of extracapsular surgery. These findings support an increasing role for ECCE/PCIOL surgery by trained local eye surgeons in developing countries.

PMID:
9524025
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center