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Qual Life Res. 1998 Feb;7(2):127-34.

Psychometric performance of the Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire in a US sample.

Author information

1
Center for Health Outcomes Research, MEDTAP International, Inc., Bethesda, MD 20814, USA.

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine the psychometric characteristics of the Juniper Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire (AQLQ) in a sample of asthmatics from the USA, employing data from the Asthma Symptom Utility Index (ASUI) validation study. One hundred and sixty-one adults (66 men) undergoing standard care in an asthma clinic participated in the study (mean age = 34.7 +/- 10.7 years, mean duration of illness = 17.3 +/- 11.22 years and mean FEV1% predicted = 85.6% +/- 17.1%). The internal consistency reliability (infinity) ranged from 0.90 (environment subscale) to 0.95 (overall score) and the 2 week reproducibility (ICC) ranged from 0.81 (activities subscale) to 0.93 (symptoms subscale). The AQLQ was significantly correlated with an asthma disease severity scale and the Health Utilities Index (p < 0.001). No relationship was found between the AQLQ score and FEV1% predicted. Men reported better overall quality of life (QoL), fewer activity limitations and less environmental exposure than women (p < 0.01), while patients with a high school education or less had more severe asthma and poorer QoL across all subscales (p < 0.001). This may reflect the differential experiences of asthma across gender and socioeconomic groups. The results suggest that the AQLQ may be a useful outcome measure for clinical trials conducted in the USA.

PMID:
9523494
DOI:
10.1023/a:1008853325724
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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