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Risk Anal. 1998 Feb;18(1):71-83.

Air nicotine and saliva cotinine as indicators of workplace passive smoking exposure and risk.

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1
Office of Air and Radiation, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC 20460, USA. repace@erols.com

Abstract

We model nicotine from environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) in office air and salivary cotinine in nonsmoking U.S. workers. We estimate that: an average salivary cotinine level of 0.4 ng/ml corresponds to an increased lifetime mortality risk of 1/1000 for lung cancer, and 1/100 for heart disease; > 95% of ETS-exposed office workers exceed OSHA's significant risk level for heart disease mortality, and 60% exceed significant risk for lung cancer mortality; 4000 heart disease deaths and 400 lung cancer deaths occur annually among office workers from passive smoking in the workplace, at the current 28% prevalence of unrestricted smoking in the office workplace.

PMID:
9523445
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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