Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Pers Soc Psychol. 1998 Mar;74(3):629-45.

Self-promotion as a risk factor for women: the costs and benefits of counterstereotypical impression management.

Author information

1
Department of Psychology, Tillett Hall, Rutgers-State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick 08903, USA. rudman@rci.rutgers.edu

Abstract

Three experiments tested and extended recent theory regarding motivational influences on impression formation (S. T. Fiske & S. L. Neuberg, 1990; J. L. Hilton & J. M. Darley, 1991) in the context of an impression management dilemma that women face: Self-promotion may be instrumental for managing a competent impression, yet women who self-promote may suffer social reprisals for violating gender prescriptions to be modest. Experiment 1 investigated the influence of perceivers' goals on processes that inhibit stereotypical thinking, and reactions to counterstereotypical behavior. Experiments 2-3 extended these findings by including male targets. For female targets, self-promotion led to higher competence ratings but incurred social attraction and hireability costs unless perceivers were outcome-dependent males. For male targets, self-effacement decreased competence and hireability ratings, though its effects on social attraction were inconsistent.

PMID:
9523410
DOI:
10.1037//0022-3514.74.3.629
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for American Psychological Association
Loading ...
Support Center