Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1998 Mar 31;95(7):3419-24.

HIV-1 Vpr interacts with a human 34-kDa mov34 homologue, a cellular factor linked to the G2/M phase transition of the mammalian cell cycle.

Author information

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA.


Several important and possibly interrelated functions have been identified for the HIV-1 accessory gene product Vpr. These include import of the HIV reverse transcription complex into the nucleus of nondividing cells, cellular differentiation including cell cycle arrest at the G2/M phase border, immune suppression, and enhancement of virus replication. We have cloned a candidate Vpr ligand, termed human Vpr interacting protein (hVIP/MOV34), by using a yeast two-hybrid assay. This gene is homologous to a simultaneously identified 34-kDa human mov34 homologue. The MOV34 family includes proteins that function as transcriptional and proteolytic regulators of cell growth and differentiation. We demonstrate direct interactions between the putative ligand hVIP/MOV34 and Vpr in vitro and in vivo. hVIP/MOV34 localizes to the nucleus and appears to function as a component of the cell cycle cascade. We observe an association between the induction of cell cycle arrest at the G2/M phase border by Vpr and a change in the subcellular localization of hVIP/MOV34 from a nuclear to a perinuclear localization. This was further associated with the inhibition of maturation promoting factor-associated histone H1 kinase activity. We conclude that hVIP/MOV34 is involved in the regulation of the cell cycle and a likely cellular cofactor for HIV-1 Vpr.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center