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Exp Cell Res. 1998 Feb 25;239(1):161-8.

Down-regulated proteins of mesenchymal tumor cells.

Author information

1
MEM-Institute, University of Bern, Switzerland.

Abstract

To identify proteins that are lost during the establishment of the transformed phenotype of a tumor cell, we have prepared a subtracted cDNA library with mRNA from normal human fibroblasts and from their matched SV40 transformed counterparts. More than 40 clones were obtained that showed a dramatic reduction in their relative expression after oncogenic transformation. The proteins encoded by these clones could be grouped into four distinct classes: extracellular matrix proteins (fibronectin, beta ig-h3, collagen VI), enzymes (collagenase, urokinase), cytoskeletal proteins (vinculin, SM22) and regulatory proteins (beta-glycan, integrin-associated protein, myosin kinase, IGFBP-5). Six novel gene products were discovered during these experiments, including a novel serine protease, a zyxin-like protein, an ankyrin-like protein and a GTP-binding protein. Only four of all the transformation-sensitive cDNAs were consistently down-regulated when a variety of cell lines derived from spontaneous mesenchymal tumors was investigated: beta ig-h3, collagen VI, the novel ankyrin-like protein, and IGFBP-5. It is likely that these gene products play an important role in the maintenance of the normal phenotype.

PMID:
9511734
DOI:
10.1006/excr.1997.3896
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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