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Br Poult Sci. 1997 Dec;38(5):489-98.

Effects of AvGard treatment on the microbiological flora of poultry carcases.

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Centre National d'Etudes Vétérinaires et Alimentaires (CNEVA), Ploufragan, France.


1. The efficiency of the AvGard (or Assur-Rince in the USA) trisodium phosphate poultry carcase decontamination process was evaluated during both manual and industrial trials against total aerobic mesophilic count (TAMC), thermotolerant coliforms, Pseudomonas, Enterobacteriaceae, Campylobacter, Listeria monocytogenes and Salmonella. 2. The TSP treatment proved to have significant effects on the bacterial decontamination of poultry neck skin, lowering the contamination by a factor of about 10 for TAMC and of 100 for Coliform and Pseudomonas. 3. Numeration of Salmonella with an innovative miniaturised most probable number method has proved that the effect upon these micro-organisms was also close to 2 log10 reduction. 4. The effect of TSP treatment on the ecological balance of psychrotrophic bacterial flora was also investigated to study the origin of the shelf-life flora of treated carcases (Pseudomonas being reduced to the limit of detection) and to ascertain whether L. monocytogenes might gain a competitive advantage. In fact AvGard reduced the number of L. monocytogenes on poultry carcases. 5. As a consequence of the virtual elimination of the Pseudomonas usually present, Brochothrix thermosphacta became the main species responsible for putrefaction. 6. Because the growth rate of Brochothrix thermosphacta was greater than that of L. monocytogenes at refrigeration temperature, it was considered that putrefaction would occur before the emergence of large numbers of L. monocytogenes.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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