Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Exp Biol. 1998 Apr;201(Pt 8):1203-9.

Oxygen toxicity: a radical explanation.

Author information

Department of Biochemistry, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA.


During its reduction to water, O2 readily gives rise to dangerously reactive intermediates. This threat is diminished by families of defensive enzymes which include the superoxide dismutases, catalases and peroxidases. Free radical chain reactions are controlled by antioxidants, such as ascorbate and the tocopherols, and oxidative damage, which occurs in spite of these defenses, is largely repaired or is nullified by de novo biosynthesis. Yet some damage is sustained and it contributes to mutagenesis, to senescence and to numerous pathological processes.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Support Center