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J Immunol. 1998 Mar 15;160(6):2780-5.

Identification of an immunodominant IgE epitope of the Parietaria judaica major allergen.

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Istituto di Biologia dello Sviluppo Consiglio Nazionale Delle Ricerche, Palermo, Italy.


Par j 1.0101 is one of the two major allergens of the Parietaria judaica (Pj) pollen, and its three-dimensional structure was built by three-dimensional structural homology modeling. The resultant model was used to identify putative IgE binding regions. Western blot analysis of gene fragmentation products showed that the 1 to 30 region was capable of binding specific IgE from a pool of sera (n = 30) of patients allergic to Pj pollen. Using the structural model as a guide, deletion and site-directed mutagenesis of the 1 to 30 region was performed, and the amino acids involved in IgE binding were identified. In addition, a synthetic peptide covering the 1 to 30 region was capable of binding human IgE without triggering histamine release from basophils of Pj allergic patients (n = 6) and thus represents a haptenic molecule with potential use as an immunotolerant agent. This epitope is also present on the Par j 2.0101 major allergen representing a common IgE epitope. It is an immunodominant epitope, since it was capable of inhibiting 30% of all specific IgE against the Pj major allergens, and therefore, it might be a candidate for the future development of immunotherapeutics.

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