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J Clin Microbiol. 1998 Mar;36(3):618-23.

Species-specific and ubiquitous-DNA-based assays for rapid identification of Staphylococcus aureus.

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Centre de Recherche en Infectiologie, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Québec, and Université Laval, Ste-Foy, Canada.


Staphylococcus aureus is the cause of serious infections in humans, including endocarditis, deep-seated abscesses, and bacteremia, which lead to toxic and septic shock syndromes. Rapid and direct identification of this bacterium specifically and ubiquitously directly from clinical specimens would be useful in improving the diagnosis of S. aureus infections in the clinical microbiology laboratory. A wide variety of kits based on biochemical characteristics efficiently identify S. aureus, but the rapidity and the accuracy of each of these methods combined with testing of clinically relevant antibiotic resistance genes need to be improved. On the basis of hybridization assays with randomly selected clones from an S. aureus genomic library, we have identified a chromosomal DNA fragment which is specific for S. aureus and which detected all 82 S. aureus isolates tested. This 442-bp fragment was sequenced and was used to design a set of PCR amplification primers. The PCR assay was also specific and ubiquitous for the identification from bacterial cultures of 195 clinical strains of S. aureus isolated from a variety of anatomical sites and obtained from hospitals throughout the world. The PCR assay that we have developed is simple and can be performed in about 1 h. This DNA-based test provides a novel diagnostic tool for the diagnosis of S. aureus infections.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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