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Pediatr Dev Pathol. 1998 Mar-Apr;1(2):118-24.

Candida funisitis: A clinicopathologic study of 32 cases.

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  • 1Department of Pathology, Hutzel Hospital, 4707 St. Antoine Boulevard, Detroit, MI 48201, USA.


We report on 32 cases of Candida funisitis and describe the associated clinicopathologic features. The Candida funisitis was characterized grossly by small, circumscribed, yellow-white nodules on the umbilical cord surface and, microscopically, by subamnionic microabscesses in which fungal organisms were demonstrable. Chorioamnionitis was present in all cases. Twenty-four (75%) of the 32 infants were premature. There were 7 perinatal deaths, all in immature fetuses. Five (16%) of the 32 fetuses had congenital candidiasis. Five (16%) of the mothers had a history of intrauterine foreign body, including intrauterine contraceptive device in three and cervical cerclage in two. The diagnosis of Candida funisitis should prompt a careful examination for fetal infection, even though it is associated with congenital candidiasis in only a minority of the cases.

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