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J Interferon Cytokine Res. 1998 Feb;18(2):125-35.

Activation of human monocytes by LPS and DHEA.

Author information

1
Unité INSERM 294, Laboratoire d'Hématologie et d'Immunologie CHU Xavier Bichat, Paris, France.

Abstract

Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) alone, whatever the concentration used, or lipopolysaccharide (LPS) alone at 0.2 ng/ml did not induce the release of interleukin-6 (IL-6) or tumor necrosis factor (TNF) by human monocytes. However DHEA (10[-9] M or 10[-12] M) in association with LPS (0.2 ng/ml) did induce the release of IL-6 and TNF. When human monocytes were activated by 1 microg/ml LPS, both IL-6 and TNF secretions were observed. Monocytes activated by both DHEA (10[-9] M or 1O[-12] M) and LPS (1 microg/ml) secreted IL-6 and TNF at a higher level than that observed for monocytes activated only by LPS (1 microg/ml) alone. DHEA alone, whatever the concentration used, or LPS alone at 0.2 ng/ml did not induce the activation of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPkinases) and protein kinase C (PKC) or the expression of c-fos and c-jun. However DHEA (10[-9] M or 10[-12] M) and 0.2 ng/ml LPS together induced the activation of both MAPKinases and PKC and the expression of c-fos and c-jun. Furthermore, the activation of PKC and MAPKinases and the expression of c-fos and c-jun were much greater when human monocytes were activated by both LPS (1 microg/ml) and DHEA (10[-9] M or 10[-12] M) than when the monocytes were activated only by LPS at 1 microg/ml. Therefore, DHEA and LPS displayed a synergistic effect on monocyte activation.

PMID:
9506463
DOI:
10.1089/jir.1998.18.125
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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