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Pediatr Nephrol. 1998 Jan;12(1):69-71.

Two novel mutations of the gene for Kir 1.1 (ROMK) in neonatal Bartter syndrome.

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University Children's Hospital, Freiburg, Germany.


Bartter syndrome, an autosomal recessive renal tubular disorder, is associated with hypokalemic metabolic alkalosis with high renin and aldosterone plasma concentrations with low or normal blood pressure and renal salt loss. Two genes, the gene encoding the furosemide-sensitive apical Na-K-2Cl cotransporter (NKCC2) and the gene encoding the luminal inwardly-rectifying potassium channel Kir 1.1 (ROMK), have been reported to cause the neonatal subtype of Bartter syndrome. In a patient with neonatal Bartter syndrome, we report two novel mutations resulting in amino acid exchanges Ala156Val and Leu220Phe in the gene for Kir 1.1 that have been identified by single-strand conformation polymorphism analysis and subsequent direct sequencing. Both mutations occur in functional relevant domains of the channel protein and are therefore highly suggestive of altering channel properties.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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