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Pediatr Nephrol. 1998 Jan;12(1):55-9.

Urinary excretion of urodilatin in healthy children and children with renal disease.

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Division of Pediatric Nephrology, University Children's Hospital, Heidelberg, Germany.


Urodilatin (URO) is a natriuretic peptide isolated from human urine which is thought to be produced by distal tubular cells. We measured urinary URO excretion in 50 healthy children and 23 children with acute (ARF), chronic renal failure (CRF), or hereditary tubular disorders, using a specific radioimmunoassay. The mean URO excreted in these four groups was 56, 45, 94, and 121 fmol/min per 1.73 m2, respectively (differences between first three groups not significant). The variation in URO excretion was larger in patients with kidney disease than in controls. There were significant correlations between urinary URO and sodium excretion in controls and CRF, but not in ARF. URO excretion also correlated with urine flow rate in CRF. Although no correlation was found between URO excretion and creatinine clearance, urinary URO was increased in some patients with advanced CRF, which suggests stimulated tubular production to compensate for reduced sodium excretion. In view of the therapeutic potential of URO in renal insufficiency, further study of the renal handling of URO is warranted.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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