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Exp Parasitol. 1998 Jan;88(1):3-10.

Biochemical characterisation of an epitope on the surface membrane antigen (Cs-gp200) of the pathogenic piscine haemoflagellate Cryptobia salmositica Katz 1951.

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  • 1Department of Zoology, University of Guelph, Ontario, Canada.


A protective surface antigen (200 kDa) on C. salmositica was detected using a monoclonal antibody (mAb-001). Enzymatic studies on the epitope indicated that it was sensitive to nonspecific protease K and to site-specific trypsin and protease V8 but not to alpha-chymotrypsin. The reactivity of the epitope with mAb-001 was not affected when the antigen was denatured with 8 M urea; however, reduction of the antigen with dithiothreitol destroyed the epitope. The epitope was susceptible to sodium m-periodate oxidation and N-glycosidase F, but not to O-glycosidase or neuraminidase. It was also sensitive to mild potassium hydrochloride hydrolysis and to phospholipase C, which is specific for phosphatidylinositol. These results suggest that the epitope consists of a polypeptide, a carbohydrate, and probably a phospholipid. The asparagine-bound N-glycosidically linked hybrid-type carbohydrate chain has the minimum length of a chitobiose core unit. There is probably a phosphatidylinositol residue which anchors the polypeptide to the surface membrane. The antigen is extensively posttranslationally modified.

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