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Ann Chir. 1997;51(7):689-96.

[Is laparoscopic cholecystectomy effective and reliable in acute cholecystitis? Results of a prospective study of 221 pathologically documented cases].

[Article in French]

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Service de Chirurgie Générale et Digestive, Hôpital Saint-Joseph, Gilly, Belgique.


From December 1989 to May 1995, a prospective study of laparoscopic cholecystectomy was carried out in our department, in order to assess the reliability and safety of this method in the case of acute cholecystitis. During this period, 1453 patients underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Acute cholecystitis was diagnosed in 280 patients, based on clinical history and macroscopic lesions. Only 221 cases (15%) were included in the study after positive histology was obtained (M: 86; F: 135). The mean age was 62 years (20-90). Sixty-two patients (28%) were classified as ASA III and IV. The mean interval between the first symptoms and the operation was 9.9 days (1-53). The mean operating time was 130 minutes (45-420). Conversion to an open procedure was necessary in 22 cases (10%). The operative mortality was 0.9% (2 ASA IV patients) and the overall morbidity was 13.5%. A bile duct injury occurred in 0.4% of cases (1/221). In conclusion, laparoscopic cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis is a safe procedure, when performed by operators experienced in laparoscopic surgery.

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