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Metabolism. 1998 Mar;47(3):351-4.

Effects of troglitazone on dexamethasone-induced insulin resistance in rats.

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1
Third Department of Internal Medicine, Gifu University School of Medicine, Japan.

Abstract

Troglitazone, a thiazolidinedione derivative, has been shown to counteract insulin resistance in obesity and non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM). To test its effects on dexamethasone-induced insulin resistance, we measured hepatic glucose production (HGP) and the insulin-stimulated glucose disposal rate (Rd) by a euglycemic-hyperinsulinemic glucose clamp technique coupled with 3-3H-glucose infusion in male Wistar rats treated with low-dose dexamethasone ([LoDex] 0.05 mg/kg/d, n = 7), high-dose dexamethasone ([HiDex] 0.1 mg/kg/d, n = 7), or dexamethasone plus troglitazone (LoDex + T, n = 8; HiDex + T, n = 6). Dexamethasone was injected subcutaneously for 4 days. Troglitazone was administered orally at 20 mg/d for 3 days before and for 4 days along with the dexamethasone treatment. The glucose clamp study was performed after an overnight fast in chronically catheterized conscious rats with a continuous insulin infusion of 57.4 pmol/kg/min. Basal HGP was comparable among the control (45.8 +/- 2.1 micromol/kg/min, n = 7), LoDex (47.9 +/- 4.7 micromol/kg/min), LoDex + T (46.0 +/- 2.6 micromol/kg/min), and HiDex + T (54.7 +/- 3.4 micromol/kg/min) groups. It increased about twofold in the HiDex group (80.1 +/- 5.2 micromol/kg/min, P < .05 v control). Under hyperinsulinemia, HGP was suppressed to a similar level in the control (11.3 +/- 8.8 micromol/kg/min), LoDex (10.2 +/- 8.4 micromol/kg/min), and LoDex + T (7.8 +/- 7.9 micromol/kg/min) groups. The suppressive effect of insulin on steady-state HGP during the clamp was impaired in HiDex (63.7 +/- 9.7 micromol/kg/min, P < .05) and HiDex + T (64.0 +/- 6.5 micromol/kg/min, P < .05). Rd decreased 27% in LoDex (81.5 +/- 5.8 micromol/kg/min, P < .05) and 36% in HiDex (71.3 +/- 9.4 micromol/kg/min, P < .05) compared with the controls (111.4 +/- 7.4 micromol/kg/min). Troglitazone prevented the decrease in Rd in LoDex + T (102.6 +/- 5.7 micromol/kg/min), but not in HiDex + T (67.0 +/- 6.4 micromol/kg/min). These results indicate that the development of peripheral insulin resistance was prevented by troglitazone in LoDex rats. Troglitazone may be a useful drug to treat steroid-induced diabetes.

PMID:
9500576
DOI:
10.1016/s0026-0495(98)90270-0
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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