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Cancer Lett. 1998 Feb 27;124(2):149-55.

Comparative analysis of expression of hepatocyte growth factor and its receptor, c-met, in gliomas, meningiomas and schwannomas in humans.

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Department of Neurosurgery, Miyazaki Medical College, Kiyotake, Japan.


Expression of hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) and c-met, a proto-oncogene that encodes a receptor for HGF, was examined in 45 cases of human primary intracranial tumors by means of RT-PCR. In gliomas, HGF and c-met mRNAs were preferentially expressed in high-grade tumors. Co-expression of both genes was observed in glioblastomas (6/15) and in one anaplastic astrocytoma (1/5) but not in low-grade astrocytomas (0/3). By contrast, the c-met gene was consistently expressed in meningiomas (12/14) and schwannomas (8/8). The presence of c-Met protein was confirmed in the tumor cells of glioblastoma, meningioma and schwannoma by immunohistochemical staining. Moreover, all of the schwannoma cases co-expressed the HGF gene. These observations suggest that HGF/c-met expression is somehow related to the disease progression in gliomas, whereas c-Met protein might have an important fundamental biological role in meningioma and schwannoma. Moreover, since all of the schwannoma cases concomitantly expressed the ligand (HGF) and the receptor (c-met) genes, HGF may act in an autocrine fashion in schwannoma.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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