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Diabetologia. 1998 Jan;41(1):34-9.

Flow-induced dilatation in isolated resistance arteries from control and streptozotocin-diabetic rats.

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1
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, UMDS, St. Thomas' Hospital, London, UK.

Abstract

Acetylcholine-induced vasodilatation is impaired in animal models of insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM), and may result from altered nitric oxide synthesis or release. The response to intraluminal flow, a more physiologically relevant stimulus for nitric oxide release, is unknown. This study examined flow-induced responses in isolated resistance arteries from male Sprague-Dawley control and streptozotocin-diabetic (45 mg/kg i.v., 4 week duration) rats. Mesenteric arteries (4-5th order) were dissected and cannulated on a pressure myograph (mean internal diameter +/- SEM at 40 mmHg, control 223 +/- 8, n = 9 vs diabetic 239 +/- 12 microm, n = 8, NS). Arteries were preconstricted with noradrenaline (1 micromol/l) and intraluminal pressure raised and maintained at 80 mmHg. Luminal flow was raised in incremental steps (0-1.27 microl/s). Arteries from control animals dilated to flow while arteries from diabetic animals constricted (% change in internal diameter +/- SEM at 0.79 microl/s: control 13.46 +/- 6.52, n = 9 vs diabetic -7.44 +/- 3.38%, n = 8; p < 0.005). Incubation with N(omega)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (0.1 mmol/l) abolished flow responses in arteries from controls but not from diabetic rats. In conclusion, impaired flow-induced nitric oxide-mediated vasodilatation may contribute to vascular disease in IDDM.

PMID:
9498627
DOI:
10.1007/s001250050863
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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