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J Biol Chem. 1998 Mar 13;273(11):6319-26.

The 67-kDa enzymatically inactive alternatively spliced variant of beta-galactosidase is identical to the elastin/laminin-binding protein.

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Division of Cardiovascular Research, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario M5G 1X8, Canada.


Our previous studies showed immunological and functional similarities, as well as partial sequence homology, between the enzymatically inactive alternatively spliced variant of human beta-galactosidase (S-gal) and the 67-kDa elastin/laminin-binding protein (EBP) from sheep. To define the genetic origin of the EBP further, a full-length human S-gal cDNA clone was constructed and subjected to in vitro transcription/translation. The cDNA was also transfected into COS-1 cells and into the EBP-deficient smooth muscle cells (SMC) from sheep ductus arteriosus (DA). In vitro translation yielded an unglycosylated form of the S-gal protein, which immunoreacted with anti-beta-galactosidase antibodies and bound to elastin and laminin affinity columns. S-gal cDNA transfections into COS-1 and DA SMC increased expression of a 67-kDa protein that immunolocalized intracellularly and to the cell surface and, when extracted from the cells, bound to elastin. The S-gal-transfected cells displayed increased adherence to elastin-covered dishes, consistent with the cell surface distribution of the newly produced S-gal-encoded protein. Transfection of DA SMC additionally corrected their impaired elastic fiber assembly. These results conclusively identify the 67-kDa splice variant of beta-galactosidase as EBP.

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