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J Biol Chem. 1998 Mar 13;273(11):6218-22.

Identification of PLC210, a Caenorhabditis elegans phospholipase C, as a putative effector of Ras.

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Department of Physiology II, Kobe University School of Medicine, 7-5-1 Kusunoki-cho, Chuo-ku, Kobe 650, Japan.


Mammalian Ras proteins regulate multiple effectors including Raf, Ral guanine nucleotide dissociation stimulator (RalGDS), and phosphoinositide 3-kinase. In the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans, LIN-45 Raf has been identified by genetic analyses as an effector of LET-60 Ras. To search for other effectors in C. elegans, we performed a yeast two-hybrid screening for LET-60-binding proteins. The screening identified two cDNA clones encoding a phosphoinositide-specific phospholipase C (PI-PLC) with a predicted molecular mass of 210 kDa, designated PLC210. PLC210 possesses two additional functional domains unseen in any known PI-PLCs. One is the C-terminal Ras-associating domain bearing a structural homology with those of RalGDS and AF-6. This domain, which could be narrowed down to 100 amino acid residues, associated in vitro with human Ha-Ras in a GTP-dependent manner and competed with yeast adenylyl cyclase for binding Ha-Ras. The binding was abolished by specific mutations within the effector region of Ha-Ras. The other functional domain is the N-terminal CDC25-like domain, which possesses a structural homology to guanine nucleotide exchange proteins for Ras. These results strongly suggest that PLC210 belongs to a novel class of PI-PLC, which is a putative effector of Ras.

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