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J Clin Periodontol. 1998 Feb;25(2):99-105.

The distribution and transmission of Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans in families with localized juvenile periodontitis.

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1
Department of Periodontology, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Oslo, Norway. tinoco@trendnet.com.br

Abstract

The prevalence and distribution of A. actinomycetemcomitans in families where at least one family member (proband) suffered from localized juvenile periodontitis was investigated. 25 probands with localized juvenile periodontitis (LJP) and their 78 close family members were screened for the presence of A. actinomycetemcomitans. Among these 25 families, 10 contained at least one additional family member colonized with oral A. actinomycetemcomitans. Genomic DNA from subgingival A. actinomycetemcomitans strains from each of the probands and their family members were amplified and characterized by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using a single primer known to distinguish A. actinomycetemcomitans strains. The PCR products from each strain were separated by electrophoresis on a 1% submarine agarose gel containing ethidium bromide and visualized by UV light transillumination. The studies showed that 41.2% of the parents and 58% of the siblings in this LJP-based population harbored the bacterium. Comparison of the PCR generated amplitypes showed that there was a wide distribution of amplitypes among the probands and immediate relatives. No clear transmission paths were observed in this specific population.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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