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J Pept Res. 1998 Jan;51(1):80-4.

Identification of a melanocyte growth-inhibiting tripeptide and determination of its structure.

Author information

1
Institute of Pathology, University of Oslo, The National Hospital (Rikshospitalet), Norway.

Abstract

The function and proliferation of melanocyte cell populations are influenced by a wide range of hormones and growth factors. Local cell renewal after sudden melanocyte loss appears to be regulated according to a negative feedback principle, however. In accordance with this assumption, we have examined growth-inhibitory activity in water extracts of cultured non-transformed melanocytes and melanoma cells (B16 cells). The extracts were fractionated by gel filtration on Sephadex G-25 and Fractogel MG 2000, by ion-exchange chromatography on DEAE-cellulose and Dowex 50 and by reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography on Bondesil and Partisil columns. Two peptides were isolated with the structures pyroGlu-Phe-GlyNH2 and pyroGlu-Cys-GlyNH2 as revealed by mass spectrometry, peptide sequencing and amino acid analysis. The two peptides were synthesized and tested for the ability to inhibit the growth of melanocyte cultures. Only pyroGlu-Phe-GlyNH2 was inhibitory. The dose-response curve was bell-shaped with maximum inhibition around 10(-15) M. The melanocyte tripeptide thus appears to be a new member of a group of N-substituted growth-regulating oligopeptides found in other tissues.

PMID:
9495595
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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