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Int J Cancer. 1998 Feb 20;79(1):96-101.

Serum matrix metalloproteinase-2 and its density in men with prostate cancer as a new predictor of disease extension.

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Department of Urology, Kobe University School of Medicine, Japan.


We examined whether the serum matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) level and MMP-2 density could be predictors of the development and extension of prostate cancer. Serum samples were collected before any clinical treatment from 98 patients with prostate cancer and from 76 patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Control sera were obtained from 70 healthy men. The serum level of MMP-2 was determined by 1-step enzyme immunoassay. A newly defined MMP-2 density parameter was determined by dividing the serum level of MMP-2 by the prostate volume, which was measured by ultrasonography. The mean serum level of MMP-2 in prostate cancer patients was significantly higher than in the control and BPH groups. Furthermore, the serum MMP-2 levels in prostate cancer patients with metastasis were highly elevated compared with those without metastases. The MMP-2 density in pathologically organ-confined prostate cancer was significantly higher than that in BPH. There was a statistically significant difference in the MMP-2 density between pT2N0M0 and pT1N0M0 prostate cancers. Moreover, the serum MMP-2 level correlated well with the clinical course of prostate cancer with bone metastasis. Our results suggest that MMP-2 plays an important role in the development and extension of prostate cancer and that the serum level of MMP-2 and the MMP-2 density indicate prostate cancer extension and are, therefore, useful for the followup of prostate cancer patients.

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