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Lung Cancer. 1998 Jan;19(1):15-24.

Establishment and characterization of a SV40T-transformed human bronchial epithelial cell line.

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Department of Etiology and Chemical Carcinogenesis, Cancer Institute (Hospital), Beijing, PR China.


The majority of human lung cancers originate from the carcinogenesis of bronchial epithelial cells. To study the malignant progression of human bronchial epithelial cells, we established a SV40T-transformed human bronchial epithelial cell line, and observed some biological and genetic changes of the cell line at different passages. In a 2-year culture, this cell line was approaching malignancy without obvious senescence. Cells in a later passage proliferated faster and required less growth factors than those of an early passage. After continued passaging, these cells were resistant to the terminal squamous differentiation effects of serum, and many of the cells grew anchorage independently. However, no tumor formed after cells were injected into nude mice. Some genetic alterations were found accompanying those morphological changes, such as 3p- and activation of c-myc, c-erbB-2 and bcl2, suggesting that those genetic alterations may contribute to the carcinogenesis of human bronchial epithelial cells at an early stage. This cell line should be particularly useful for studying the progression of human lung cancers.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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