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Can J Surg. 1998 Feb;41(1):53-8.

Outcomes after severe trauma at a northern Canadian regional trauma centre.

Author information

1
Trauma Program, Sudbury General Hospital, Ont.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate outcomes of trauma patients at a northern community trauma referral centre that does not meet several of the guidelines for a trauma centre.

DESIGN:

A retrospective study.

SETTING:

Sudbury General Hospital in northern Ontario.

PARTICIPANTS:

All trauma patients admitted between 1991 and 1994 who had an Injury Severity Score (ISS) greater than 12.

OUTCOME MEASURES:

Actual survival to discharge was compared to survival predicted by TRISS analysis. Z, W and M scores were calculated by standard TRISS techniques.

RESULTS:

Of 526 patients with an ISS greater than 12, 416 (79%) were suitable for TRISS analysis. Of these 416 patients, 310 (74%) were men. The mean age was 39 years. Two hundred and sixty-one (63%) patients were admitted directly to the Sudbury General Hospital, whereas 155 (37%) were transferred from other hospitals. The leading causes of injury were motor vehicle-traffic accidents in 48%, motor vehicle-nontraffic in 21% and falls in 8%. Overall, there were more unexpected survivors than patients who died. The Z score for survivors was 4.95, and the W score was 5.65.

CONCLUSIONS:

In the setting of a geographically isolated, medium-volume trauma centre where blunt injuries predominate, excellent trauma survival can be achieved without meeting all trauma centre guidelines for staffing and facilities. Relaxing stringent requirements for the availability of physicians may facilitate surgical recruitment and retention.

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PMID:
9492748
PMCID:
PMC3950062
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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