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J Pers Soc Psychol. 1998 Feb;74(2):435-52.

Parents' influence on children's achievement-related perceptions.

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  • 1Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 48106-1248, USA.


Two aspects of the relation between parents' perceptions of their children and children's self- and task perceptions in math and English were investigated: (a) the mediating role of parents' perceptions between grades and adolescents' self-perceptions and (b) the gendered nature of parents' perceptions. Data for this study are part of a longitudinal investigation (the Michigan Study of Adolescent Life Transitions). Data from 914 sixth-grade adolescents and their parents are used in this article. Results showed that parents' perceptions mediate the relation between children's grades and children's self- and task perceptions in both domains. Parents' perceptions had a stronger influence on children's perceptions than children's own grades. Significant but low correlations between gender and self- and task perceptions were found in both math and English.

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