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Vaccine. 1998 Mar;16(5):485-92.

Vaginal immunization of Cynomolgus monkeys with Streptococcus gordonii expressing HIV-1 and HPV 16 antigens.

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Laboratorio di Virologia, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Roma, Italy.


Cynomolgus monkeys (Macaca fascicularis) were immunized by intravaginal administration of live recombinant Streptococcus gordonii. The vaccine strains of S. gordonii expressed the V3 domain of the gpl20 of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1), and the E7 protein of human papillomavirus type 16 (HPV 16). Multiple inocula of recombinant bacteria were used, since S. gordonii could persist for no longer than 3 days in the monkey vagina. Vaginal immunization was found to induce a local and systemic immune response specific for the heterologous antigen expressed by the bacteria. This antigen-specific immune response consisted of vaginal IgA, serum IgG, and a T-cell proliferative response measured on PBMCs. Vaginal IgG and serum IgA were not detected.

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